Proportional Representation - Ballot Paper

    Ballot Paper
Name of PR System Ticket Above or beside the line voting Rotation of candidate names Directions Formality
Commonwealth Senate Senate System Yes. Above the line voting. No. Order of names determined by the party or group. You may vote in one of two ways, either by placing the single figure 1 in one and only one of these squares to indicate the voting ticket you wish to adopt as your vote, or by placing the numbers 1 to [N] in the order of your preferences. (When N equals the number of candidates standing for election.) (1998 Senate Ballot paper) A vote above the line will be informal if:
  • it has no first preference (or number 1)
  • if there is more than one first preference.
A vote below the line is informal if:
  • it has no first preference
  • a tick or cross has been used as a first preference
  • there is more than one first preference
  • there are 10 or more candidates and there are not numbers in at least 90% of the squares next to the candidates names, which form a sequence of consecutive numbers beginning with the number 1, without repetition or omission or numbers which would be such a sequence with changes to not more than three of them
  • there are less than 10 candidates and there are not numbers in all of these squares next to the candidates names, or in all but one of those squares (which is left blank), which form a sequence of consecutive numbers beginning with the number 1, without repetition or omission, or numbers which would be such a sequence with changes to not more than two of them.
A single cross or tick above the line is accepted as a first preference. Ticks and crosses are not accepted for voting below the line. Where the elector has marked both above and below the line formally, the vote below the line for individual candidates takes preference. Otherwise, if one side is informal, the formal side is counted.
NSW Legislative Council Optional preferential proportional representation Yes. Above the line voting. No. Order of names determined by the party or group. You may vote in one of two ways: either, placing the number 1 in the square above the group of candidates for whom you desire to vote. You may if you wish vote for additional groups of candidates in order of your preferences for them; or place numbers from "1" in consecutive numbering to at least "15" in the squares opposite the names of 15 candidates in order of your preferences for them. You may if you wish vote for additional candidates by placing consecutive numbers beginning with the number "16" in the squares opposite the names of those additional candidates in the order of your preferences for them. 21 candidates to be elected to serve 2 terms of Parliament. A vote above the line is informal if:
  • there is no first preference (number 1) shown in one Group Voting Square; or
  • there is more than one first preference.
A vote below the line is informal if:
  • there are not at least 15 numbers; or
  • there is more than one first preference.
A single tick or cross above the line is accepted as a first preference, although ticks or crosses are not accepted below the line. Where the elector has recorded a formal vote both above and below the line, the vote below the line takes precedence. If above the line is informal and below the line is formal (or vice versa) the formal vote is accepted. Where two numbers (other than the number 1) are repeated or a number omitted from a sequence, the vote is accepted up to the repetition or omission. This applies to voting above and below the line.
Western Australia Legislative Council Proportional Representation Yes. Beside the line voting. No. Order of names determined by the party or group. Vote only on one side. Ticket: Fill in one box only. Put the number 1 in the box to show the voting ticket you want. Preferential: Fill in all he boxes. Number the boxes below from 1 to [N] in the order of your choice. (Where N equals the number of candidates on the ballot paper.) (2001 WA Legislative Council ballot paper) A formal vote must contain a first preference (or number 1) on the left of the ballot paper or sequential preferences starting with the number 1 in all boxes on the right-hand side. If an elector correctly marks both sides of the line, the individual preference side is counted. If one side is informal, the formal side is counted. A single cross or tick on the ticket voting side is accepted as a formal vote. Where two numbers are repeated or a number missed from a sequence, the ballot paper is informal except where the elector correctly numbers all but the last remaining preference box.
South Australia Legislative Council Modified Hare-Clark Yes. Above the line voting. No. Order of names determined by the party or group. You may vote by either, placing the single figure 1 in one and one only of these squares to indicate the registered voting ticket(s) you wish to adopt for your vote. Or, placing consecutive numbers commencing 1, 2, 3, 4 etc. and ending with N in the squares immediately to the left of the respective candidates so as to indicate the order of your preference for them. (Where N equals the number of candidates on the ballot paper.) (1997 SA Legislative Council ballot paper) A formal vote must contain a first preference (or number 1) above the line or sequential preferences starting with the number 1 in all boxes below the line. If an elector correctly marks both sides of the line, the individual preference side is counted. If one side is informal, the formal side is counted. A single cross or tick is accepted as a first preference both above and below the line. Where two numbers are repeated or a number missed from a sequence, the ballot paper is informal except where the elector correctly numbers all but the last remaining preference box, which is left blank.
Tasmania House of Assembly Hare-Clark No. Robson Rotation within each column. Mark your vote on this ballot-paper by placing the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7… in the squares immediately to the left of the names of the resective candidates so as to indicate the order of your preference for them. YOUR VOTE IS NOT COUNTED UNLESS YOU VOTE FOR AT LEAST 5 CANDIDATES (1998 Tasmanian House of Assembly ballot paper – 5 candidates to be elected.) A formal vote must contain preferences for at least 5 candidates, by numbering 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. Further preferences are optional. Preferences can be counted until sequential numbering breaks down.
A vote is informal if:
  • no vote has been recorded on it or the elector has not voted in the manner directed
  • a number from 1-5 is repeated or has been omitted
Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly Hare-Clark No. Robson Rotation within each column. Number [N] boxes from 1 to [N] in the order of your choice. You may then show as many further preferences as you wish by writing numbers from [N+1] onwards in other boxes. (Where N equals the number of candidates to be elected.) (2001 ACT Legislative Assembly election ballot paper – 5 or 7 candidates to be elected.) A formal vote must contain a single first preference (or number 1). Further preferences are optional. Preferences can be counted until sequential numbering breaks down. A vote is informal if it does not obtain a first preference, or if it contains more than one first preference. Ticks and crosses are not accepted.

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